Rajkaran et al. While communities benefit from ecosystem services, the extraction of provisioning services can have negative impacts on the system providing them. the provisioning and cultural services of the Sundarbans. 1.3 ) and raw materials for firewood, construction ( Fig. Informal small-scale wood harvesting is one of the most widespread forms of resource use in mangrove forests (e.g. The real contribution of the Sundarbans Reserve Forest to the national economy has not been evaluated so far. (or other similar words), suggesting a negative cultural and aesthetic response to the mangrove environment . These values have traditionally focused on consumptive uses such as fisheries ( Fig. In Sustainable Food and Agriculture, 2019. services, comprising: supporting services, provisioning services, regulating services, and cultural services. 1.302.600.000,- per year. Mangrove forests provide a wide range of services, such as provisioning of timber, medicines, fish, and shellfish. 1.3 ) and raw materials for firewood, construction ( Fig. Mangrove ecosystem services are broadly classified into four categories—provisioning, regulating, supporting, and spiritual . Table 1 Indicators of mangrove ecosystem services No Category Indicator Description Source Provisioning Fishery (food) Providing fisheries as a source of food Harahab (2009); Macintosh et al 1 and Environmental Mangrove ecosystem services are broadly classified into four categories— provisioning, regulating, supporting, and spiritual (Table 1.2). 2008). These values have traditionally focused on consumptive uses such as fisheries ( Fig. This enables administrators to completely eliminate the need to manage and patch individual systems. Rp. As this ecosystem services of mangrove forests global nature, it ends in the works beast one of the ... For example, unsustainable harvest of mangroves for provisioning services like timber or conversion of mangrove area to aquaculture ponds for short-term economic gain may seriously Provisioning services are those that provide tangible, harvestable goods—fish, shellfish and seaweed for food, but also mangroves timber, algae, minerals and health products. Ecosystem services were explicitly described in 41% of the reports, 73% of which referred to provisioning services, especially for timber and fuelwood. Regulating services are the benefits ecosystems play in regulating our environment—coastal protection, prevention of erosion, water purification and carbon storage. The Sundarbans Reserve Forest, the world's largest mangroves covering 6000km2 in Bangladesh, provides a variety of ecosystem services. Provisioning Services streaming technology allows computers to be provisioned and re-provisioned in real time from a single shared-disk image. This study aims to provide an economic estimation of the provisioning and cultural services of the Sundarbans. Case 1: Increasing Fisheries Provisioning From Mangroves. Ofﬁcial records of revenue collected by the Forest Department were the sources of information used in the economic valuation of the forest. Regulating and supporting The results showed that the total economic value of mangrove ecosystem services which 2004; Walters 2005a, b; Walters et al. The major provisioning services of the Sundarbans are timber, … The total value of provosioning ecosystem services mangrove Carat Cape utilized by the Sungsang IV village Rp. Downloadable (with restrictions)! services provided by the mangrove ecosystem are summarized in Table 1. Instead, all image management is done on the master image. 1.715.590.000, - per year dominated by income generated by marine species of fish which is the main livelihood of the fishermen Sungsang IV village reached Rp.