gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Sie kommen fast weltweit vor. [57] The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.[53]. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. [48][49], The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Urtica dioica, ext. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but aren’t actually nettles  they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). The sentenced perpetrator of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle, in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold water. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. [50] Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica",, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 04:32. Das gängigste Material für urtica dioica ist metall. [5][6] The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. [citation needed], Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. I love nettles. The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.[10][11]. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. Think of me as your green personal trainer, and get in touch today! In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. They all have different nutritional values. [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. It may be that the act of rubbing a dock leaf against a nettle sting acts as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect provides a placebo effect. (This is where the sting comes from!) Please check the licence conditions and … *** For educational purposes only. Widespread throughout the British Isles, absent only from the highest mountains in Scotland. Standard deviations are given in brackets. [64][65] They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. [3][4] The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. Gledhill, David (2008). Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). Please check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. Blätter und Stängel sind mit kieselsäureverst… In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. Note: Urtica dioica subsp. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. Sometimes referred to as a weed of habitation, this plant is found throughout the UK and Ireland. Urtica dioica L. ssp. Leaves are egg-shaped to lanceolate in outline with serrated or toothed leaf margins. The fibres are coarser, however. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Sambucus ebulus L. and Urtica dioica L. grown extensively within the northern regions of Iran and are frequently used as medical plants. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. Regulatory process names 3 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 1 . kommt in Deutschland im Havelgebiet vor. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow). Just snip off the strings into a bag or cut down the nettle tops, tie upside down inside a linen bag and give them a good shake to get them out! The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. The Roman nettle is very rare – it has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds.Both the Roman and dwarf nettles do not have separate female and male plants, both sexes of flowers grow on same plant. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. [53][57] Nettle contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid, vitamin K1[53] and tocopherols (vitamin E). [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. Hast du bis hierhin gescrollt, um die Fakten über urtica dioica zu erfahren? Urtica dioica, ext. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. [52], Fresh leaves contain approximately 82.4% water, 17.6% dry matter, 5.5% protein, 0.7 to 3.3% fat, and 7.1% carbohydrates. dioica which alsoextendsthroughoutEurope,andlocallyssp.galeopsifolia(withoutstinginghairs)whichisalso … Description. [67], Three cultivation techniques can be used for the stinging nettle: 1) direct sowing, 2) growing seedlings in nurseries with subsequent transplantation and 3) vegetative propagation via stolons or head cuttings. Die große Brennnessel (Urtica dioica) wird seit Jahrhunderten in der pflanzlichen Heilkunde verwendet und findet auch in der Homöopathie ein Anwendungsgebiet. Sie haben nicht die nötige Kraft und Energie, sich aktiv aus solchen hemmenden Strukturen zu lösen und es besteht die Gefahr, dass sie dadurch Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas: 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson) Otsego: 1997: SUCO Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. Urtica dioica / Urt-d. 311 Wirkprofil im seelisch-geistigen Bereich: Mit Urtica dioica kann Menschen geholfen werden, die in alten, überlebten Strukturen leben und in diesen zu ersticken drohen. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. Location. Print infocard Open Substance Regulatory Obligations. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. Urtica dioica is a tall, usually dioecious, rhizomatous, perennial herb with numerous stinging hairs,probablynativeinfensandsemi-naturalancientwoodlands,butwidelynaturalizedinarange of habitats and abundant throughout the British Isles. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. In Deutschland nahezu überall anzutreffen sind die Große Brennnessel und die Kleine Brennnessel sowie seltener die Röhricht-Brennnessel und die Pillen-Brennnessel. [68], The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. Der Gattungsname ist vom lateinischen Wort urere (brennen) abgeleitet, der Name bezieht sich auf die Hautreizung mit brennendem Gefühl, welches bei Berührung der Brennnessel entsteht. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. In particular, the development of medicine in Germany had made remarkable achievements. Some carotenes are precursors of vitamin A (retinol), their retinol equivalents RE or retinol activity equivalents per g dry weight are 1.33 for mature leaves and 0.9 for young leaves. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. [44], In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. [57], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. [33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. [37][38] Similarly, in Greece the tender leaves are often used, after simmering, as a filling for hortopita, which is similar to spanakopita, but with wild greens rather than spinach for filling. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. Stinging nettle is particularly found as an understory plant in wetter environments, but it is also found in meadows. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other species' names formerly accepted as distinct by some authors but now regarded as synonyms of one or other subspecies include U. breweri, U. californica, U. cardiophylla, U. lyalli, U. major, U. procera, U. serra, U. strigosissima, U. trachycarpa, and U. viridis. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. [39], In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Rosales - Family: Urticceae. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. Die beliebteste Farbe? Mature leaves are mostly without hairs, except for the long hairs capable of 'stinging' humans that occur on the lower leaf surface. [46], Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. gracilis. They are also said to promote glossy hair. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator[63] or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. Its global range includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is naturalised elsewhere in the world. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Br J Pharmacol Chemother. Follow Julie's Green Journal on dioica Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle [54] [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. Sie wurzelt bis 70 Zentimeter tief. Abstract. galeopsifolia)  so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. [56] Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. dioica dioecious, native to Eurasia; naturalized in North America; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae), which is the focus of this review, has been widely used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including, diabetes, hypertension and prostate cancer. [12] Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate[13] and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. Sita Sharan Patel, Malairaman Udayabanu, Urtica dioica extract attenuates depressive like behavior and associative memory dysfunction in dexamethasone induced diabetic mice, Metabolic Brain Disease, 10.1007/s11011-014-9480-0, 29, 1, (121-130), (2014). In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. galeopsifolia) so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. Remember that nettles provide an important source of food and a home to lots of wildlife, so please check your plants for caterpillars and eggs before gathering, and leave plenty of plants for them too! [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. dioica. Leak (l); A.J. Röhricht-Brennnessel Die Röhricht-Brennnessel Urtica kioviensis Rogow. Stinging Nettle has been among the key plants of the European pharmacopoeia since ancient times. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. Value Class Food … Richtig geraten: grün. Urtica dioica L. Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle General Information; Symbol: URDI Group: Dicot Family: Urticaceae Duration: Perennial ... VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (URDI) Wildlife. 1956 Jun;11(2):186-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1956.tb01051.x. 155 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. NBN Atlas Scotland. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Urtica . An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. Die Große Brennnessel ist eine zweihäusige, ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die Wuchshöhen von 30 bis 300 Zentimeter erreicht. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). [54] The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle". Here we will discuss identification, and use of the stinging nettle plant. NBN Atlas Scotland. Gut zu erkennen sind die Unterschiede zur Großen Brennnessel Urtica dioica L.: Glänzende Blätter aufgrund fehlender Borstenhaare, stattlicherer Bau, lang gestielte Blätter, keine Verzweigungen.. Systematik [22], In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Stinging plant § Plants with stinging hairs, "Identifying plant fibre textiles from Norwegian Merovingian Period and Viking Age graves: The Late Iron Age Collection of the University Museum of Bergen", "Mechanism of Action of Stinging Nettles", "U.K. Standards of care for occupational contact dermatitis and occupational contact urticaria", "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Æsop For Children, by Æsop", "Grasping the nettle: an empirical enquiry", "The cist on Whitehorse Hill - Current Archaeology", "Gouda Cheese with Stinging Nettles: Cooking Terms", World Stinging Nettle Eating Championship attracts record crowd, "Homebrew from the hedgerow: nettle beer", "Galactagogue herbs: a qualitative study and review", "Ecuador's indigenous justice system on trial", "Nettle as a distinct Bronze-Age textile plant", "Second skin: why wearing nettles is the next big thing", "10 Jahre anbautechnische Versuche zu Fasernesseln (Urtica dioica L.) in Thüringen", "Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textile industry: A review", "USDA National Nutrient Database: raw carrot", "Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality", "Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Antioxidant Stability and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Nettle (Urtica dioica. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.[3][5][4]. What more could you ask for? Cambridge University Press. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. The common nettle, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life. The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal. *** Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer. dioica) is introduced. Urtica dioica ← → Leaves. "The Names of Plants". The extraction, identification and quantification of hypoglycemic active ingredients from stinging nettle (Urtica angustifolia ) Haiyue Zhang 1,2, ... cially the Urtica dioica . The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. Urtica dioica (left) and U. galeopsifolia (right) - note the characteristically narrower leaves of the latter. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. [54] For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. So the seed harvest comes from the female plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! 1,528 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Young plants will have smaller, heart-shaped leaves with a purple-ish hue, while the mature plants have longer, pointed leaves that appear very green. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Coconut Oil Magic Bullet or Well Marketed Moneymaker? Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. Feeding nettle has no detrimental effect on the performance of the laying hens or the general egg quality. 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Photography: A. Lockton (r) Distribution . The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. It has been introduced to many other parts of the world. Please check the licence conditions and … [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Es stehen 127 urtica dioica auf Etsy zum Verkauf, und sie kosten im Durchschnitt 6,14 €. In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). Occurrence. CAS number: 84012-40-8. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Name Search . [32] After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. [61][62][failed verification]. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. Urtica dioica agglutinin: Separation, identification, and quantitation of individual isolectins by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresisâ mass spectrometry With benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) being a major health problem in ageing men, alternative therapeutic approaches (e.g., with phytopharmaceuticals) are of great interest. They have no stings and white flowers. British material is mainly ssp. Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble.

urtica dioica identification

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